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Table 1 Lean tools in manufacturing, and their links to improved environmental performance

From: Transforming manufacturing to be ‘good for planet and people’, through enabling lean and green thinking in small and medium-sized enterprises

Lean practices related to key business operations [89] Lean tools applied to these operations Documented links to environmental performance Key source literature
Process and equipment management
• Minimise cycle time
• Reduce error through proof equipment
• Impalement new technologies
• Maintain order and cleanliness in the facility
• Reduce setup time
• Improve process efficiency and prepare for maintenance
• Value stream mapping
• Cellular manufacturing
• Kanban
• Autonomation
• 5S
• Total productive maintenance
• Single minute exchange of die (SMED)
• Identifying environmental impacts
• Assessing areas to be improved
• Improved energy efficiency and waste management
[46, 90,91,92,93,94,95,96,97,98]
Manufacturing and planning
• Optimise production
• Managing of lot size
• Management of production
• Scheduling operations and maintenance
• Use of visual control
• Lean layout
• Value stream mapping
• Push system
• Pull system
• Capacity planning
• Kanban
• Improved waste management
• Improved energy efficiency
[92, 99,100,101,102,103]
Human resourcing
• Train workers
• Form cross departmental team
• Engage employees in continuous improvement initiatives
• Collective decision making
• KPI
• Quality circles
• Employee engagement
• Kaizen events
• Improved waste, water and chemical management
• Improved resource productivity
• Improved energy efficiency
[30, 90, 104,105,106]