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Table 2 Risks in distributed symbiotic systems compared to import from full-scale greenhouses

From: Resilience by industrial symbiosis? A discussion on risk, opportunities and challenges for food production in the perspective of the food-energy-water nexus

No.NameCompared ResilienceReason
iExtreme weather=Small differences
iiEmployment=Difference of location only
iiiNexus+Better resource efficiency
ivDisease=Small difference because of mitigation action
vEnvironment+Symbiotic facilities avoid eutrophication risks
viGovernment?Different but no basis for assessment
viiEconomicsExposure to anchor industry
i.viiiSupply chain-Risk during roll-out before the total distributed system achieves bargaining power and know-how
+Domestic supply better for transportation
Price premium for local produce
  1. Legend:
  2. + Better resilience for distributed symbiotic systems
  3. - Better resilience for comparison facility
  4. = No difference assessable with case data
  5. ? Different risk profiles but not assessable with case data