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Table 3 Risks in distributed symbiotic systems compared to import from full-scale greenhouses

From: Resilience by industrial symbiosis? A discussion on risk, opportunities and challenges for food production in the perspective of the food-energy-water nexus

No.NameCompared ResilienceReason
iExtreme weather+Closed or semi-closed systems more resilient
iiEmployment?Data not available
iiiNexus+Better resource efficiency
ivDisease+Closed or semi-closed systems more resilient
vEnvironment+Symbiotic facilities avoid eutrophication risks
viGovernmentRisk exposure in greenhouses to energy tax
viiEconomicsExposure to costs of financing and to anchor industry
i.viiiSupply chain-Risk during roll-out before the total distributed system achieves bargaining power
+Domestic supply better for transportation and can deliver a price premium
  1. Legend:
  2. + Better resilience for distributed symbiotic systems
  3. - Better resilience for comparison facility
  4. = No difference assessable with case data
  5. ? Different risk profiles but not assessable with case data