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Table 4 Risks in distributed symbiotic systems compared to wild fish capture

From: Resilience by industrial symbiosis? A discussion on risk, opportunities and challenges for food production in the perspective of the food-energy-water nexus

No.NameCompared ResilienceReason
iExtreme weather=Different risks but of lesser significance for both
iiEmployment+Better control of working environment on-shore and inside
Better resource efficiency
Potential for substantial improvement in food supply if wild fish-based fodder is avoided
ivDisease=The risks of intensive farming are offset by the manageability of semi-closed systems.
vEnvironment+Controlled environment poses less risk.
viGovernment?Different but no basis for assessment
i.viiEconomics-Exposure to costs of financing and to anchor industry
+Resilient to fuel costs
i.viiiSupply chain-Risk during roll-out – longer time period before the sum achieves bargaining power
+Domestic supply better for transportation
  1. Legend:
  2. + Better resilience for distributed symbiotic systems
  3. - Better resilience for comparison facility
  4. = No difference assessable with case data
  5. ? Different risk profiles but not assessable with case data