|Area of benefit||Estimated economic and environmental benefit|
|Better workplace productivity||
$2000 per employee per year from daylighting;|
$2990 per employee over 4 months when desks angled to view nature.
|Improved health and healing||$93 million per year in reduced hospital cost if natural features provided in the U.S. hospitals.|
|Increased retail potential||
Skylighting in a chain store would result in a 40% sales increase, ±7%.|
25% higher sales in vegetated street frontage.
|Decreased crime and violence||
Public housing with greenery had 52% reduction in felonies.|
Biophilic landscapes introduced across New York City would save $1.7 billion through crime reduction.
|Increased property values||Biophilic buildings attract higher rental prices, 3% per square foot or 7% in effective rents, selling at prices 16% higher.|
|Employee attraction||Biophilics attract and retain high-quality workers.|
|Increased liveability in dense areas||Green features increase salability of densely built apartment blocks.|
|Carbon sequestration||In Singapore aboveground vegetation sequesters 7.8% of the total emitted daily carbon dioxide (Velasco et al., 2016).|
|Reduced urban heat island effect and reduced energy consumption||Due to shading provided by urban trees, in Los Angeles annual residential air-conditioning (A/C) bills can be reduced directly by about US$100 million, additional savings of US$70 million in indirect cooling, US$360 million in smog-reduction benefits (Rosenfeld et al., 1998).|
|Water management and quality||Up to 70% of stormwater retention capability, depending of the local climate and other conditions.|
|Air quality||Urban street canyons full of greenery can reduce particulate matter by up to 60% and nitrogen dioxide by up to 40%.|
|Biodiversity conservation||A study of 115 wildly colonized green roofs in north of France found that 86% of species were native to the area.|