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Table 2 Experiences and attributes of biophilic design. Source: Kellert and Calabrese (2015)

From: Biophilic streets: a design framework for creating multiple urban benefits

Direct experience of nature Indirect experience of nature Experience of space and place
• Light
• Air
• Water
• Plants
• Animals
• Weather
• Natural Landscapes and Ecosystems
• Fire
• Images of Nature
• Natural Colours
• Stimulating Natural Light and Air
• Naturalistic Shapes and Forms
• Evoking Nature
• Information Richness
• Age, Change, and the Patina of Time
• Natural Geometries
• Biomimicry
• Prospect and Refuge
• Organized Complexity
• Integration of Parts to Wholes
• Transitional Spaces
• Mobility and Wayfinding
• Cultural and Ecological Attachment to Place